What can Cause Varicose Veins on the Legs?
As we go on in life, we understand the importance of health. Do you know that approximately 23% of all US adults have varicose veins? That means it’s not so rear and you’re not the only one. If you’re not familiar with the term, bloated, swollen, and twisting veins that often appear on the legs and feet and have blue or dark purple color, are varicose veins. And when the valves in the veins do not work properly, the blood starts not to flow effectively. The end result is varicose veins. Without further due, let’s dive in and better understand what are some of its symptoms, causes, and treatments.
Symptoms of varicose veins
Varicose veins can appear blue or dark purple in color. They can cause pain and swelling in the lower leg. They appear twisted, swollen and lumpy and they can cause the leg to feel heavy.
If after a slight injury to your leg you experience longer bleeding than normal, you might have varicose veins. And some other symptoms include:
- Lipodermatosclerosis: when the fat under the skin just above the ankle becomes hard and results in the skin shrinking
- Telangiectasia in the affected leg (spider veins)
- Venous eczema: when the skin in the affected area becomes red, dry, and itchy
- Leg cramps after sudden movements
- Atrophie Blanche: when asymmetrical whitish patches looking like scars appear at the ankles
What are the main causes
Veins have a one-way valve that prevents the blood from back flowing. If these valves are damaged, the blood will flow backward and cause swelling and discoloration. Some common causes are:
- Excessive standing
- Over 50 years of age
- Family history
But don’t get too scared: if you’re feeling discomfort from the swelling, aching and painful legs there are treatments available.
Treatments: how to get better
Treatment can range from weight loss, exercise, compression hose or in more severe cases, surgical intervention. Most procedures can be done in the office setting.
If you’re sure of having varicose veins, first and foremost, measures can be taken at home. They will help lessen the pain and most importantly, prevent the veins from worsening. Those home remedies include:
- raising the legs
- losing weight
- avoiding prolonged standing or sitting
And that’s not all: there are some natural treatments, like topical creams and emollients. They may soothe the pain. And you will definitely see improvements in the general appearance of your veins.
Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT)
At RMSBoca, we do anon-invasive procedure done with light emission (heat) from a laser high beam. It is used to cauterize the inside of the varicose vein wall. Which closes the unhealthy, non working properly refluxing vein. This procedure is called endovenous laser treatment (EVLT). In most cases, patients combine the EVLT with sclerotherapy.
During this procedure, a local anesthetic is applied to the vein and the physician inserts a small catheter into the problematic vein using ultrasound to guide its entry. The advantages of laser vein treatment include:
- Treatment typically takes less than one hour
- Immediate relief
- Avoidance of general anesthesia
- Minimal recovery period and immediate return to normal activities
- No scarring or stitches
- Low rate of complication
- Higher success rate
Varicose veins are not the end of the world. However, for your health’s sake you can always undergo treatments at home: even raising your legs for about 10 minutes every day can make a change. And if you are suffering from pain or just want to get those “ugly” blue lines out, there are different ways of treatment. They take only a couple of minutes and can give a healthy and beautiful look to your legs.